Home

Malachite green

Did You Check eBay? Fill Your Cart With Color Today Natural gemstones only. All Gems in Stock. Ship Immediately. Shipping is $8.9 CID 11295 (Malachite green cation) Date s. Modify. 2021-07-10. Create. 2005-07-19. Malachite green is an organic chloride salt that is the monochloride salt of malachite green cation. Used as a green-coloured dye, as a counter-stain in histology, and for its anti-fungal properties in aquaculture

Malachite green is an organic compound that is used as a dyestuff and controversially as an antimicrobial in aquaculture.Malachite green is traditionally used as a dye for materials such as silk, leather, and paper.Despite its name the dye is not prepared from the mineral malachite, and the name just comes from the similarity of color Malachite green is used extensively as a dye for leather, wool, cotton, jute, paper, certain fibres, etc. For such purposes it has been produced in large quantities and extremely variable qualities. About 10-7 15% of all dyes are directly lost to wastewater in the dyeing process (Parshetti, et al., 2006) Kordon's Malachite Green is an effective medication used for the control of various external parasites of freshwater and marine fishes. When used as directed the medication will control or prevent the following common protozoan parasites: Ichthyophthinus (freshwater Ich), Costra, Chilodonella, Ambiphyra, Cryptocaryon (marine Ich), Epistylis, Oodinium and Trichodina

History & Uses: First made in 1877, Malachite Green has been used primarily as a dye for fabrics, leather, and paper. It is also used as a biological stain. In aquaculture, it is often used as an anti-fungal for eggs in hatcheries, in spite of growing concern regarding potential health hazards Malachite green is an Archaeological material that can be obtained through excavating material caches or various excavation sites, requiring level 76 Archaeology, at various dig sites around RuneScape.. Malachite green is required to restore various artefacts.As players increase their Archaeology level and use higher tier mattocks, they are able to excavate malachite green at quicker rates Malachite personifies the deep healing green of nature and represents the innate beauty of flowers, trees, roots and plants. It manifests a deep Devic green which rules the material plane. [Raphaell, 144] It is a Stone of Transformation, assisting one in changing situations and providing for spiritual growth 8mm Natural Green Malachite Stone Beads Gemstone Beads Bulk Green Energy Healing Beads for Jewelry Making 1 Strand/Bag (8mm, Green Malachite) 4.6 out of 5 stars. 10. $7.69 The Malachite crystal stone meaning echoes its deep connection to nature with colors of a lush and verdant spring bursting with new life. A must-have stone for city dwellers yearning for natural relics, bring the wonders of nature into your home by placing a large piece of Malachite in your living room

Malachite is a beautiful decorative stone. Its rich, patterned coloration in shades of green is unique among gems. Malachite's low hardness makes it easy to work, though it still takes a polish very well. These qualities, combined with ready availability, make malachite a popular choice for lapidary artistry XL MALACHITE / NATURAL Malachite Crystal / Green Stone Crystal Heart Chakra Healing Crystals & Stones Polished Malachite Malachite Stones. GemCityCrystals. 5 out of 5 stars. (2,711) $12.49 FREE shipping. Only 2 available and it's in 6 people's carts. Favorite. Add to 6MM Green Malachite Beads Gemstone Beads Round Smooth Green Stone Beads for Jewelry Making DIY Gifts for Family and Friends (Green Malachite, 6mm) 4.6 out of 5 stars 3 $6.99 $ 6 . 9 Material cache (malachite green) is an Archaeology material cache that can be found in Warforge Dig Site at either the Crucible arena excavation site or the north goblin tunnels, or at the God Wars Dungeon - Bandos's Stronghold excavation site in Bandos's Stronghold in the God Wars Dungeon Chemsrc provides Malachite green(CAS#:569-64-2) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of Malachite green are included as well

Shop Malachite Crystals - Amazon

Malachite green (Qin et al., 2010) is among the most widely used fluorogenic probes for biological applications, and binds to an engineered fluorogen activating protein (FAP) with high affinity (Szent-Gyorgyi et al., 2008).This FAP domain can be genetically fused to proteins of interest to enable fluorogenic live-cell labeling. However, this probe-protein interaction is non-covalent, and is. Malachite is a copper mineral, and that gives malachite a high specific gravity that ranges from 3.6 to 4.0. This property is so striking for a green mineral that malachite is easy to identify. Malachite is one of a small number of green minerals that produces effervescence in contact with cold, dilute hydrochloric acid Green Malachite Ring, Oxidized Ring, 925 Silver Ring, 7x9 mm Oval Malachite Ring, Gemstone Ring, Women Rings, Silver Jewelry, Malachite Ring silverjewelryexim925 4.5 out of 5 stars (1,814) Sale Price $22.04 $ 22.04 $ 24.49 Original Price $24.49 (10% off. Malachite green is a basic dye, readily soluble in water that possesses antimicrobial properties. It has been used as an effective compound to control external fungal, bacterial, and protozoan infections of fish, and successfully used as a treatment to control fish saprolegniosis and as a prophylactic treatment to protect fish eggs from infection (Ali et al., 2015) Malachite is a semi-precious gemstone known for its striking green color. Malachite also features unique banding and swirling, giving each piece a completely unique look. Our high-quality malachite green stone jewelry is chosen from among hundreds and is always authentic. Genuine Malachite Jewelr

Make Money When You Sell · World's Largest Selectio

Malachite is a copper carbonate hydroxide mineral, with the formula Cu 2 CO 3 (OH) 2.This opaque, green-banded mineral crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal system, and most often forms botryoidal, fibrous, or stalagmitic masses, in fractures and deep, underground spaces, where the water table and hydrothermal fluids provide the means for chemical precipitation April 27, 2016. A varying blend of pattern and layered green hues is a subtle nod to the malachite design without being too obvious in this bright but sophisticated space. Black-and-white bedding and sleek furniture are offset by a striking accent wall in this bedroom The malachite green method is a sensitive method for the detection of released phosphate. [1] [2] The Malachite Green Phosphate Assay Kit is based on quantification of the green complex formed between Malachite Green, molybdate and free orthophosphate

Green Malachite Sold Direct On eBay - Fantastic Prices On Green Malachit

Malachite Healing Properties. A guardian of the heart, a healer of broken bones and blood pressure, and a protector from the toxic flow of negative energy - Malachite is a busy stone. Green color gemstones always seem to have super strength powers and love connecting to the heart chakra Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary (LCSS) Datasheet. Molecular Formula. C52H54N4O12. Synonyms. Malachite Green Oxalate. 2437-29-8. Basic Green 4. UNII-GY1H9O33VU. Malachite Green oxalate salt Malachite Green is a basic dye belonging to the triphenylmethane group. It is used in biology for the staining of microscopic samples, such as plant tissue, yeast and bacteria. The malachite green method is a sensitive method for the detection of released phosphate.††. The Malachite Green Phosphate Assay Kit is based on quantification of. Malachite Green-d 5 picrate. Synonyms: Bis- (4-dimethylaminophenyl)-phenyl-d5-carbenium picrate. CAS Number: 1258668-21-1. Molecular Weight: 562.58. Empirical Formula (Hill Notation): C29D5H22N5O7 Malachite green is traditionally used as a dye for materials such as silk, leather, and paper. Despite its name the dye is not prepared from the mineral malachite, and the name just comes from the similarity of color. Read full article at Wikipedia..

Buy Loose Malachite Gems - Free 30-days Return

Malachite green is a nonfluorescent photosensitizer that absorbs at long wavelengths (~630 nm). Its photosensitizing action can be targeted to particular cellular sites by using the amine-reactive malachite green isothiocyanate to conjugate this label to antibodies or other biomolecules Malachite is a popular, intense green, copper-based mineral. While Malachite rarely forms as large individual crystals, it is often found in botryoidal (globular) masses. When cut or polished these botryoidal masses display gorgeous, banded patterns full of concentric rings and other interesting shapes

Malachite Green is used for bacterial spore staining by Schaeffer and Fulton's method. It can also used as a simple stain for bacterial cells and in place of methyl green.A spore is a dormant form of the bacterium that allows it to survive in drastic environmental conditions Malachite Color Range. Malachite is a green gemstone representing new life, spring, nature, energy, rebirth, growth, fertility and the natural environment. Green is also associated with money, wealth and prosperity although on the negative side it can also be linked to envy and jealousy Malachite is an opaque, green stone that consists of copper carbonate and hydroxide. It is found in underground spaces throughout the world, including Russia, Europe, Africa and the United States. Malachite was mined in ancient times for the purpose of extracting copper Green, the color of the heart chakra, is attuned closely to malachite, and you can appreciate how this stone's energies can help you to quieten a broken heart, or an anxious mind. And by standing your ground and calmly, compassionately speaking your piece, you can help others to understand how their actions affect you

The method utilizes malachite green as the primary stain and safranin as counterstain. Principle. When a heat-fixed smear is flooded with aqueous malachite green solution (the primary stain) and steamed, the heat assists the stain to penetrate through the spore Malachite is also another of the minerals that should NEVER be used to make Crystal elixirs or any kind of Crystal water to be ingested. Great care must be exercised in working with Malachite, as it can be poisonous in its raw state. Stones like malachite and Azurite in it's raw form when touched or held in the hands can release the mineral powder which can be dangerous if it is inhaled.

Malachite Meaning and Properties | Crystal healing stones

Malachite green and formalin treatments. Malachite Green and Formalin are one of the main cornerstones of fish disease treatments having been used for many years against a range of parasites. They can be used together or separately as anti-parasite treatments against as Gyrodactylus (skin flukes), Dactylogyrus (gill flukes), Ichthyobodo (Costia), Trichodina , Chilodonella and Ichthyophthirius. Malachite doesn't occur in wonderful prismatic transparent crystals like most minerals. Its crystals are tiny, acicular or needle-like crystals clustered so tightly the mineral is found mainly as a solid banded pattern. Its most redeeming feature is its green color, which varies from light green to almost black Light greens and dark greens finely banded together in straight, swirl and concentric patterns

Some Of The Most Beautiful Gems Ever Found On Earth

Malachite is a distinctive material, due to its concentric rings. When the stripes can be seen, it cannot be mistaken for another material. However, when a piece of malachite is so small that it cannot be identified by the banding, it could be mistaken for other opaque green gemstones Evolution Aqua Med Malachite Green is an effective anti-fungal and anti-parasite treatment for Koi. Evolution Aqua Malachite Green provides a powerful, active medication that works to treat fungal and parasite diseases such as White Spot, Costia, Chilodonella and Trichodina in Koi Carp 1250 Crt NATURAL ANTIQUE DESIGNER GREEN MALACHITE ROCK ROUGH SLAB,TILE GEMSTONE. $23.24. Was: $24.99. Free shipping. or Best Offer. 284 sold. 266g Natural Malachite Crystal Cluster Rare Mineral Specimen China. $6.50. 6 bids. Free shipping. Ending Saturday at 11:22AM PDT 2d 6h

malachite green molybdate and free orthophosphate under acidic conditions.1,2 H 3PMo 12O 40 (yellow) + HMG2 (yellow, λ max: 446 nm) (MG+) (H 2PMo 12O 40) + 2H (green) The formation of the green molybdophosphoric acid complex measured at 620-640 nm is directly related to the free organic phosphate concentration.2 2 Malachite Green Solution A Certificates of Analysis. Title. Lot Number. Malachite Green (Solution A - 2459584. 2459584. Malachite Green (Solution A) 2854812. Malachite Green (Solution A) - 2530032. 2530032 Description: Malachite is a common alteration product of other copper-bearing minerals. Its bright green color makes it not only easily recognized, but also highly sought after by mineral collectors. It occurs most notable in the oxidized and supergene zones of copper deposits, especially where CO2 is available

Video: Malachite green C23H25ClN2 - PubChe

Florida Museum of Natural History Gainesville, FL 32611 352-392-1721 (Research) or 352-846-2000 (Exhibits A. Preparation of Malachite Green Reagent A: 1. Dissolve 437.5 mg of Malachite Green Reagent A in 25 ml of 3M sulfuric acid to make a 1.75% solution. B. Preparation of phosphate standards: 1. Prepare a 50 µM phosphate standard by adding 5 µl of 10 mM Phosphate Standard to 995 µl of DI H 2 O. 2 Effects of malachite green/formalin on plants. Thread starter Carissa; Start date Dec 24, 2007; Forums. Specific Discussions. Fish for Planted Tanks . C. Carissa Guru Class Expert. Jun 8, 2007 678 0 16. Dec 24, 2007 #1 Hi, I'm dealing with a mysterious illness in my tank and although I've been pretty iffy on adding any types of medications. Malachite Green dye and Safranin work well in bacteria because of the alkaline nature of the Malachite Green reagents which are charged positively while the cytoplasm of the bacterial cell is basophilic hence there is an attraction between the malachite green dye with the bacterial cell, making it easier to absorb the dye Our green rope bracelets and green cuff bracelets, green malachite earrings, green statement necklaces, and other malachite green jewelry are all well-appreciated because they reflect the extraordinary nature, solidity, and magnificence of this natural stone. When examining the green gemstones in our malachite drop earrings, green tennis.

Malachite green - Wikipedi

  1. Malachite green is also used in endospore staining, since it can directly stain endospores within bacterial cells; here a safranin counterstain is often used. Malachite green can also be used as a saturable absorber in dye lasers, or as a pH indicator between pH 0.2-1.8
  2. utes. Higher dose only for large fish, such as koi, in hard water. This equates with 1 ml stock solution per 20 - 40 litres of water
  3. g water bath for 5
  4. Shop for Pantone® 16-5917 TPX Malachite Green samples and products on Pantone. Convert Pantone® 16-5917 TPX Malachite Green color into RGB, Hex, and CMYK values
  5. The arylmethane dye malachite green oxalate is used as an antimycotic and antiparasitic substance for treatment of fish diseases. The therapeutical use of malachite green is not licensed by the German drug act. A decree fixes a limit of tolerance of 0.01 mg malachite green/kg food produced from fish
  6. ation in the USDA's Chemistry Laboratory Guidebook which contains test methods used by FSIS Laboratories to support the Agency's inspection program, ensuring that meat, poultry, and egg products are safe, wholesome and accurately.

Malachite green is water soluble and has a low affinity for cellular material, so vegetative cells may be decolourized with water. Safranin is then applied to counterstain any cells which have been decolorized. At the end of the staining process, vegetative cells will be pink, and endospores will be dark green Malachite green 0.5% (this is the primary stain) - It can simply be prepared using 0.5 grams of malachite green with 100 ml of water.; Tap/distilled water (decolorizing agent Cayman's Malachite Green Phosphate Assay Kit provides a fast, reproducible, colorimetric method for measuring inorganic free phosphate in aqueous solutions. The assay method is based on the formation of a complex between malachite green molybdate and free orthophosphate that absorbs at 620- 640 nm. 1, 2 Applications for this assay include. Malachite green, also called aniline green, benzaldehyde green, or china green, triphenylmethane dye used medicinally in dilute solution as a local antiseptic.Malachite green is effective against fungi and gram-positive bacteria. In the fish-breeding industry it has been used to control the fungus Saprolegnia, a water mold that kills the eggs and young fry

Malachite Green (Technical), Fisher Chemical Click to view available options Quantity: 500g Packaging: Poly Bottle CAS: 569-64-2: Molecular Formula: C23H25ClN2: Molecular Weight (g/mol) 364.92: MDL Number: MFCD00011751: InChI Key: FDZZZRQASAIRJF-UHFFFAOYSA-M: Synonym: China Green, Basic Green 4, Fast Green: PubChem CID. Malachite green chloride is a triphenylmethane dye used in the fish industry as an antifungal agent. Leucomalachite green is formed by the reduction of malachite green chloride and persists in the tissues of exposed fish. These compounds were nominated for study by the United States Food and Dru • Malachite Green is a highly sensitive phosphate detection method. Many soaps and dish detergents contain phosphate and will leave a residue that will increase the background absorbance of the assay. Containers should be rinsed extensively with distilled or deionized water before use MALACHITE GREEN C.A.S no. 2437-29-8 C.I. number 42000 Appearance Green Crystals Solubility 0.1% (water Clear Solution Absorptivity 1% ,1cm at lamda 617.0 nm 1858 (limit > 1730) Loss on Drying 4.25 % Empirical.. Malachite Green oxalate salt is used as a biological counterstain against fuchsin which stains gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria reddish colors and safranin which stains nuclei red. Malachite green oxalate salt stains background to the surrounding tissue blue-green. It is also used as a pH Indicator between pH 0.2 (green) - 1.8 (blue-green)

BACILLUS SUBTILIS ENDOSPORES STAINED WITH MALACHITE GREEN

Malachite Name Etymology. Latin, Greek and French alike have words for Malachite that mean mallow-green-stone. The color of this metaphysical gem is very similar to the leaves on the Mallow plant. As an interesting aside that adds extra attributes to Malachite, Mallows feature in healing preparations specifically for cough, cold and throat. Natural Malachite Earrings | Oval Gold Green Malachite Dangle Drop Earrings | Landscape Scenic Ston Malachite green is an dyestuff and has emerged as a controversial antimicrobial used in aquaculture.Malachite green is traditionally used as a dye for materials such as silk, leather, and paper.Although called malachite green, This dye is not prepared from the mineral malachite - the name just comes from the similarity of color The Malachite Green Test Kit market report presents segments and sub-segments information that contains recent innovations, future trends, current growth factors, and developments with respect to their competition. This report is a meticulous all-inclusive analysis of crucial aspects of the marketplace including competition analysis, current. 10 Things You Need To Know About Malachite Malachite Healing Properties stone benefits. benefits of wearing malachite bracelet which hand to wear malachite b..

Malachite Green Kordo

Malachite green oxalate is a triphenylmethane dye which can be used to detect the release of phosphate in enzymatic reactions. Malachite green oxalate is also a potent and selective inhibitor of IKBKE, and inhibits its downstream targets such as IκBα, p65 and IRF3 Malachite green. A pigment used for dying Bandosian clothing. Current Guide Price 5,155. Today's Change 198 + 3% 1 Month Change - 151 - 2% 3 Month Change 1,097 + 27% 6 Month Change - 393 - 7 9,627 malachite green products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which crystal crafts accounts for 13%, loose gemstone accounts for 10%, and dyestuffs accounts for 2%. A wide variety of malachite green options are available to you, such as ink dyestuffs, paper dyestuffs, and leather dyestuffs Malachite Green, Crystal, Technical, also known as Aniline green or Basic green 4, is used as a dyestuff and an agent in aquaculture. Technical grade products supplied by Spectrum are indicative of a grade suitable for general industrial. Pricing & More Info

Malachite has a hardness of 3.5 to 4, and a specific gravity of 3.9. Its streak is green, and is effervesces weakly in hydrochloric acid. USES. The main use for malachite is as an ore of copper, containing as much as 58% copper content. Malachite mining takes place on a huge scale, requiring the use of long drills, blasting, enormous loaders. Malachite is a popular, intense green, copper-based mineral. While Malachite rarely forms as large individual crystals, it is often found in botryoidal (globular) masses. When cut or polished these botryoidal masses display gorgeous, banded patterns full of concentric rings and other interesting shapes This material contains Malachite Green (CAS# 569-64-2, 100%),which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373. Clean Air Act: This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants. This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors Malachite is a copper based stone, and resonates strongly with the fire element, which is quite uncommon for green stones. It is a strong stone for the healing your heart, both physically and emotionally, and also has an excellent healing action in many other areas

The Importance of Using Malachite Green in Aquarium

Money and Malachite Symbolism. If ever there was a stone for merchants, malachite would be it. This always beautiful green-and-black banded gem material has long enjoyed tremendous popularity. Since no two stones look alike, each malachite piece can have a unique appeal. Customers could find personal or magical significance in unusual patterns Malachite, also called malachite green, is a color that is a representation of the color of the mineral malachite. Polished malachite. The first recorded use of malachite green as a color name in English was in the 1200s (exact year uncertain). Sea green Sea green. The Malachite green metallic color has a dark base tone and an expressive, light green/grey metallic shine in direct sunlight. It's multi-faceted shade, combining green, black, bronze and grey tones Malachite Green was known to the ancient Egyptians, who appear to have used it as eye-paint. Found abundantly in Japanese and Chinese paintings from the seventh century onwards, it wasn't used much in Europe until the Renaissance. After that, its use in Europe almost died out until the nineteenth century, when it enjoyed a brief return.. Shop raw malachite crystals, genuine natural rough malachite loose stones for sale. About Malachite Malachite is a stalwart protector and bolsterer of your strength and willpower. It helps you access your innate power and protects you from negativity as you take action in the world

Malachite green (CAS NO.569-64-2), also called basic green 4 or victoria green B, is a toxic chemical primarily used as a dye. When diluted, it can be used as a topical antiseptic or to treat parasites, fungal infections, and bacterial infections in fish and fish eggs Malachite bracelets embody the energies of their beautiful, rich green color, radiating healing, life-force energy. This aspect of the gemstone makes it a wonderful overall healing crystal that helps you to heal on both a physical and emotional level. It can be used to draw out unhealthy attachments, habits and impurities in your energy field. Azurite Malachite is a beautiful blue-green coloured stone and the combination of these two shades makes the stone look very captivating. Found in many desirable designs, this striking stone can be worn in many styles including stylish cuffs, sleek bracelets, feminine pendants and impressive pendants

Malachite Green Precautionary statements P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking. P273 Avoid release to the environment. P280 Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face protection. P370+P378 In case of fire: Use foam, carbon dioxide, dry powder or water fog to. Malachite Green is an effective medication used for the control of various external parasites of freshwater and marine fishes. When used as directed the medication will control or prevent the following common protozoan parasites: Ichthyophthinus, Costra, Chilodonella, Ambiphyra, Cryptocaryon (marine ich), Epistylis, Oodinium and Trichodina. Malachite Green is also effective against common. Malachite Green is used for anti-fungal purposes, in attempts at curtailing bacterial complaints, as an anti-protozoal (for freshwater Ich and velvet mainly, but also monogenetic Trematodes/flukes. It is used at times for other protozoan freshwater pathogens as well as marine Ich/Cryptocaryon. The last is better treated with copper compounds in.

Malachite green. Malachite green, also called aniline green, basic green 4, diamond green B, or victoria green B, IUPAC name: 4- [ (4-dimethylaminophenyl)-phenyl-methyl]-N,N-dimethyl-aniline is a toxic chemical primarily used as a dye. When diluted, it can be used as a topical antiseptic or to treat parasites, fungal infections, and bacterial. A detailed review of malachite green and its chemical and physical properties as they relate to fisheries interests. Many of the confusions and misconceptions about malachite green are discussed. Its mode of action, toxicity and fate are considered. Citing Literature. Volume 8, Issue 3. May 1985. Pages 289-298 Malachite green and formalin are two drugs that are more effective and less toxic in combination than when used individually. This is the definition of synergism. What makes MICROBE-LIFT/Broad Spectrum Disease Treatment the preeminent product in this field is the fact that it is formulated with malachite green chloride, instead of the more.

Malachite Green Colors and Modern Decor IdeasMalachite's Concentric Swirls | SI NegGreen Wallpapers and Wall Paint Colors in Malachite Hues

What is Malachite? Malachite is a copper carbonate mineral. Malachite Associations. Chakras - Heart Chakra, Throat Chakra Zodiac - Libra, Scorpio, Capricorn Planet - Venus Element - Earth Vibration - Number 9 Typical colours - light to dark green banded Healing with Malachite Application of malachite green (MG) and leucomalachite green (LMG) in fish farm water causes an environmental problem. This study proposes for the first time a sensitive and convenient electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) method for determining MG and LMG by a bovine serum albumin-decorated gold nanocluster (BSA-AuNC)/antibody composite film-based immunosensor The Malachite Green Assay kit can measure as little as 50 pmoles of free phosphate and has a high level of accuracy in the range of 200 to 2,000 pmol of phosphate per assay point. The kit includes enough reagents for 192 samples, standards, and controls. Storage/Stability: 6 months at 4° C Malachite green, an N-methylated diaminotriphenylmethane dye, is used primarily as a therapeutic agent in aquaculture. In solution, the dye exists as a mixture of the cation (chromatic malachite green) and its carbinol base, with the ratio depending on the p H of the solution; the dye also can undergo chemical and metabolic reduction to a leuco derivative This optical absorption measurement of Malachite Green were made by R.-C. A. Fuh in the summer of 1995 using a Cary 3. The absorption values were collected using a spectral bandwidth of 1.0 nm, a signal averaging time of 0.133 sec, a data interval of 0.25 nm, and a scan rate of 112.5 nm/min